Supreme Court sides with doctors convicted of overprescribing opioids

Supreme Court sides with doctors convicted of overprescribing opioids

As America realized it was in the middle of an opioid crisis in the first decades of the 21st Century, many sought solutions, and solutions tend to require the identification of the cause of a problem. Finding the cause of this problem, however, had (and has) forensic implications. In forensics, finding the cause of a problem generally involves blame. And in this matter, not just any kind of blame. Prescribers – primarily pain specialists, have been serving prison sentences. It is reasonable to believe that some prescribers can and do prescribe opioids and other controlled substances without consideration for the welfare or even lives of their patients – and for big profits. On-going investigations, however, have turned over stone after stone, eventually determining that it has not been prescribers by and large, but other entities, perhaps in concert which have shown disregard for human life in the face of HUGE profits to be made.  – Christian Wolff

Supreme Court sides with doctors convicted of overprescribing opioids

June 27, 2022 at 1:13 p.m. EDT
Washington Post
The Supreme Court on Monday made it more difficult for the government to prosecute doctors who overprescribe drugs, unanimously setting aside the convictions of two physicians accused of operating opioid “pill mills.”

Under federal law, licensed physicians are permitted to dispense controlled substances for “legitimate medical purpose” as part of their professional practice. The justices were deciding how to distinguish valid medical conduct from illegal overprescription of highly addictive drugs like opioids that have claimed the lives of more than 500,000 people in the United States since 2016.

The court held that the government must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the doctor knew or intended to prescribe the drugs in an unauthorized manner.

“We normally would not view such dispensations as inherently illegitimate; we expect, and indeed usually want, doctors to prescribe the medications that their patients need,” Justice Stephen G. Breyer wrote for the court.

In such prosecutions, he continued, “it is the fact that the doctor issued an unauthorized prescription that renders his or her conduct wrongful, not the fact of the dispensation itself.”

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The combined cases involve two doctors — Xiulu Ruan and Shakeel Kahn — who were convicted at trial of unlawfully dispensing and distributing drugs and sentenced to more than 20 years in prison. Ruan operated a medical clinic in Alabama and a pharmacy, which made more than $4 million during a four-year period and dispensed nearly 300,000 prescriptions, including many for opioids.

Kahn practiced in Arizona and Wyoming, operating mostly on a cash-only basis and accepting property as payment, including firearms.

The court rejected the government’s request to affirm the convictions and its argument that requiring prosecutors to prove that a doctor knowingly or intentionally acted not as authorized would allow bad actors to escape liability. The justices unanimously returned the physicians’ convictions to the lower courts for further review.

Justice Samuel A. Alito Jr. agreed with his colleagues to return the cases to the lower courts but would have applied a different standard and held that a doctor is acting professionally when the physician writes prescriptions “in good faith.” Alito wrote a concurring opinion to say that the court’s “radical new course” may cause “confusion and disruption.”

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The court’s alternate approach, Alito wrote, does not answer the question of whether there is a “good-faith defense” in the prosecutions of physicians.

“How many other affirmative defenses might warrant similar treatment, the Court does not say. It leaves prosecutors, defense attorneys, and the lower courts in the dark. I cannot accept this cavalier treatment of an important question,” wrote Alito, who was joined by Justices Clarence Thomas and Amy Coney Barrett.

The Justice Department declined to comment on the ruling. Former prosecutors said the decision would change the way the government assesses health-care fraud cases by requiring the Justice Department to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that a doctor knew what he or she was doing was wrong at the time the prescription was issued.

“This will have a chilling effect on how the DOJ assesses what cases to prosecute,” Sean B. O’Connell, a former federal prosecutor with health-care fraud experience said in a statement. “The DOJ has aggressively pursued health care fraud in a post-pandemic world and each of these investigations will have to be re-evaluated to determine if the DOJ has enough evidence to meet” the court’s new standard.

The cases are Ruan v. United States and Kahn v. United States

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